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dc.contributor.authorNyirenda, Herbert Tato
dc.contributor.authorMulenga, David
dc.contributor.authorNyirenda, Tambulani
dc.contributor.authorChoka, Nancy
dc.contributor.authorAgina, Paul
dc.contributor.authorMubita, Brenda
dc.contributor.authorChengo, Rehema
dc.contributor.authorKuria, Shiphrah
dc.contributor.authorNyirenda, Herbert BC
dc.identifier.citationNyirenda HT, Mulenga D, Nyirenda T, Choka N, Agina P, et al. (2018) Status of Respectful Maternal Care in Ndola and Kitwe Districts of Zambia. Clinics Mother Child Health 15: 297. doi:10.4172/2090-7214.1000297en_US
dc.identifier.issnDOI: 10.4172/2090-7214.1000297
dc.description©2018 Nyirenda HT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricteduse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are crediteden_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: The purpose of the assessment was to conduct an evaluation on the status of respectful maternal care Ndola and Kitwe districts in the Copperbelt Province. Methods: The assessment used a cross-sectional study design and captured quantitative data on self-reporting of experiences of respectful maternal care during child birth among women in the reproductive age group with a child below the age of 2 years. The study was conducted in two urban districts of the Copperbelt Province of Zambia specifically in Ndola and Kitwe districts. The sample size was 471 resident women of the selected 18 high volume health facilities. Cluster sampling was used to select the sampling units referred to as catchment areas of the health facilities. A structured interview questionnaire was used to conduct household interviews. Univariate and bivariate analysis were conducted on quantitative data to provide descriptive statistics. Chi-square analysis was performed to ascertain associations. Results: The study successfully visited and interviewed 470 women in household giving a 99% response rate. Findings show that 31% were aged between 20 to 24 years, three quarters (75%) were married/living with a partner, 4 in 10 (40%) had a basic education and two-thirds (66%) were not engaged in any form of employment or economic activity. The findings show that on average, 18% of the women had experienced physical abuse by a service provider during child birth. Prominent issues that led to ill-treatment included 43% of the women not provided comfort/pain-relief. On average 41% of the women received non-consented care from the service provider. Women (74%) indicated that the service provider did not allow women to assume position of choice during birth. The findings also show that about 22% of women’s right to confidentiality and privacy were not adhered to. Women (42%) also reported that there were no drapes or covering to protect their privacy and 19% indicated that there were no curtains or other visual barrier to protect woman during exams. Findings also show that on average 31% of women’s right to dignified care was not adhered to. Overall in the study, 13% of the women were discriminated based on specific attributes. The findings indicate that on average 39% of the women were abandoned or denied care. Key issues include, 65% of the women reported being left without care or unattended to and 28% service provider did not respond in a timely way. Further, only 6% of the women were detained in the health facility. Conclusion: The maternal outcomes observed such as home deliveries and deliveries by skilled and unskilled birth attendants mirror the quality of care in health facilities. Indications of non-adherence to the rights of child bearing women are a barrier to achieving quality of care for child bearing women. There is need to comprehensively train service providers in respectful maternal care and devise mechanisms for implementation and supportive supervision.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAmref Health Africaen_US
dc.publisherClinics in Mother and Child Healthen_US
dc.subjectRespectful maternal careen_US
dc.subjectWomen’s rightsen_US
dc.subjectHealth servicesen_US
dc.titleStatus of Respectful Maternal Care in Ndola and Kitwe Districts of Zambiaen_US
dc.typeArticle, Journalen_US

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